Lekce 15: Would - From what I understand of this unreal situation, I’m sure that this is true.
Would užíváme, když popisujeme zvyklosti a zvyky v minulosti:
He’d sit for hours reading. Něco dělával, ale už nedělá.
V tomto kontextu se také užívá sloveso used to: He used to sit for hours reading. - Celé hodiny sedával a četl.
The difference between used to and would:
Both are used to talk about things that were true at some time in the
past but are not true any more:
I used to have a car. I don’t have a car now.
When I had a car, I would drive everywhere.
Used to is used for both states and repeated actions: I used to live in London. - Kdysi jsem žil v Londýně. Jde o souvislý, permanentní stav.
I used to travel by train. - Jezdíval jsem vlakem. Znamená to pravidelně, každé ráno.
Would can only be used for actions that were repeated and which the speaker sees as characteristic or habitual: When I was young I would read for hours every evening. - Zamlada (nebo i – jako malý) jsem každý večer hodiny četl.